Day Care

How should be toilet training in children?

How should be toilet training in children?

Toilet Training Period 12 -36 is the period between months. In this period, with the child standing on his own feet, with his standing on it, we gradually call it common life symbiotic life . The process begins to unravel. With this discovery, an infinite curiosity begins in the child: curiosity and confusion. Hands everything, shuffles, gets everywhere, goes from everywhere. There is no danger to him. He wants to try, perceive and apply all he can learn. Naturally, it is also the limits of the freedom of the child.

We call this period the period of autonomy, that is, everything is in the hands of the child and he wants it to be. That is why there is a time of friction with the mother. He has set out to enjoy his freedom in eternal curiosity. Mom is waiting to limit, stop. , Stop, do not go, get, take, exit, handling with the form of obstacles. As a result of this, a conflict arises in the child’s feelings towards the mother against the mother. The child of this period is dependent on the mother, not completely disconnected from him; On the other hand, I am in tune with his mother in promoting her own limits, not trying to do as she tells it. ”Anal period. It is also called toilet training period “. In this importance, the mouth region has lost its importance and the anal region has gained feature.

Pee or pee for the child at this age. they are very effective tools in the war with his mother, He will do them wherever he wants, whenever he wants; will not want to recognize the border. However, in this period, because of the mother trying to give him toilet training place, a friction between mother and child in determining time occurs. Again in the sleeping area; the mother wants to deposit the child at certain hours, the child does not sleep, he wants to know more the world by being more awake. In the field of nutrition, the child, with this sense of autonomy, wants to eat his own food, as well as infect, infuse, sink his face and enjoy it, while the mother wants to teach him something about cleanliness and order; to be sure that the child is full.

The child of this period does not want to know any limits, and if we leave it to infinity, what will be the consequences? In this period, children have never met a limit; When they are blocked, they develop tantrums, children who hit the floor and hit their heads on walls when they are prevented by a rule, a selfish, aggressive request. Strike, they’re crushing. Children who do not learn how to poo their poo, how to do it, go around with poo. therefore they have no concern, no place or time. At the other end, what happens when obstacles are unpredictable and extreme, when obstacles that do not fit the child’s nature are placed?

In this period, the distributor, curious, moving, mixer, the features of the child is very restricted and these qualities are suppressed; be overly malleable, passive, prescriptive; the child may develop extreme rigor and order fondness. When toilet training begins with a child’s physiological and mental readiness, or when the child is treated with a toilet training to allow for excessive oppression, flexibility, even small kidnappings at the beginning of training; in this period, even if toilet training is gained as a result of overpressure and supervision, when the child encounters any stress factor at later ages, the process that has not been resolved within the toilet education period comes back with the symptoms of pee or poo (enuresis, encopresis). So how should we handle children in autonomy?

In this period, the nature of excessive resistance, stubborn child’s stubbornness of the stubborn child to go on the spite of going to fear is invalid and will give negative results. It may be an appropriate attitude to offer different options to attract attention to other areas. It should be known that patience, patience and exaggerated minor dilemmas are not exaggerated with rigorous anxiety, but a stable parental attitude can be very beneficial. It is sufficient to take the child to the toilet during the hours when the child will be pee or poop, to repeat this procedure at appropriate and certain intervals and to reward him when he informs. In addition, this period is very confusing and dangerous to the child, it is necessary to be careful to protect from hazards.
To protect the child from dangers; appropriate environment in the house to play it easily, it can be poured to provide the corners it will be useful, this period in the education of the child “autonomy period” taking into account the developmental characteristics of the rule, not over-printed, the child’s own ability to recognize and allow the use of, but limiting when necessary and non-variable attitude When monitored, tensions between the child and the parent are minimized and the child is supported with a periodic quality towards a healthy development line. In this age children water games, soil and sand games, sounds, percussion, plug-in games, plugging toys, confusion, infectiousness, curiosity and aggressive impulses to unload, is a suitable game options in terms of orientation.

Suitable profession by Intelligence

Suitable profession by Intelligence

Mental ability = Intelligence is a great connection between intelligence and professions. The table below shows you this situation clearly.

According to the theories of multiple intelligences, people have different areas of intelligence and the use of these areas differs from person to person. But our environment, our experiences, family factors, our personal characteristics bring some types of intelligence to the forefront. Below you will see the different areas of intelligence and some career areas that may be relevant to each of them. Try to read the characteristics of each intelligence area by evaluating yourself:

• Mathematical / Logical Intelligence: Ability to use numbers effectively.
These people like to collect, organize, analyze, interpret and predict data. They have the ability to see the relationships between objects and solve problems. They like to ask questions and do research. They use numbers wisely, they have the ability to understand logical models, categories, relationships, cause and effect relationships. They like strategy games, puzzles and experimenting (accountant, banker, computer programmer, engineer, investor, researcher, scientist).

• Linguistic intelligence: To be able to use the language effectively.
They have a powerful vocabulary; they are sensitive about the meaning of words, obeying the rules of grammar, written and verbal use of language. They like to listen to people and talk to them. They like to express themselves and use the language properly and skillfully to influence people. High persuasion skills. They like word games and puzzles. Learn by listening and hearing. They extract and categorize information by using their listening and repeating skills. (Lawyer, comedian, editor, historian, journalist, poet, politician, psychotherapist, salesperson, translator)

• Visual / Spatial Intelligence: Thinking with pictures or images.
These people are able to think in 3 dimensions, to transfer information in their minds to images and images. They can re-use these images and images that they have previously transferred to their minds when they need it. Understanding the geometry and understanding the relationships between objects in space. They are successful in visual arts, architecture and photography. They like to play maze games, puzzles, drawing and playing with blocks. (Photographer, graphic designer, advertiser, architect, fashion designer, film editor, director, sailor, tour guide, pilot, tailor, city planner)

• Musical Intelligence: Being able to express yourself through music.Maths – Intelligent occupations according to the type of intelligence – Mathematics
They are capable of understanding, creating, interpreting and composing rhythms, curtains and shades. They are sensitive to the rhythm and sounds of nature. They like to listen to music and sing to themselves. They can easily learn to play a musical instrument. It is enough for them to hear and repeat a melody. With rhythm and melody you can learn more easily. They love listening to music or humming themselves while working or learning something new, keeping rhythm with their hands and feet. (Composer, conductor, dancer, musician, music therapist, music teacher, songwriter, sound engineer)

• Internal Intelligence: A person can think about himself and understand himself.
This intelligence is the ability to know one’s self. It is the state of social intelligence. They have the ability to understand their feelings, motivations, strengths and weaknesses. They know themselves so well that they can discipline themselves to achieve their personal goals. They can motivate themselves, review their emotions and thoughts and control them effectively. They prefer to work on their own, learn by observing and listening. They prefer games or sports that they can play alone. They are sensitive to their own feelings and moods. (Entrepreneur, consultant, creative writer, psychologist, researcher writer,)

• Social intelligence: Understanding, interpreting and responding to other people’s moods, emotions, motivations and movements.
Good communication skills and the ability to empathize with the emotions of others. They meet the differences between people naturally and develop very nice friendships with the people around them. They are the natural leaders of social environments. (Teacher, psychologist, consultant, nurse, politician, public relations specialist, receptionist, secretary, community leaders, social services expert)

• Physical intelligence: The ability to use the body and expressing itself using the body.
They process information with feelings on their bodies. They like to move, talk to people, touch them, use gestures and gestures. They like all kinds of sports and physical activities. They usually express themselves by dancing. (Acrobat, dancer, actress, carpenter, choreographer, technician, sculptor, surgeon, physical education teacher)lenses.4.6 Suitable occupations by intelligence type – lenses – Appropriate occupations by intelligence type

Social Experiment: Are Adults Intimate Against Children?

UNICEF has released a video that demonstrates the most indifferent and unfair behavior of people towards poor children.

This social experiment by Unicef ​​reveals that people attach more importance to clothing than the importance given to humanity. In the social experiment, the 6-year-old Anano is waiting on a busy street in the Georgian capital Tbilisi with two different outfits.

Soon, he’s interested in Anano. Anano is in the same spot, this time in old clothes, above-the-ground dirt, and still doing nothing while no one is interested.

The same experiment is done in a restaurant this time in the film. Clean and well-maintained Anano has great interest from the restaurant customers. But nobody is approaching Anano, who is dirty and neglected.

The social experiment prepared for UNIXF questioned the perspective of adults to children and measured their sincerity.

genes for school

How many genes do you determine in school?

Researchers say that genes are one of the most important factors affecting the success of children at school in the long run. Well, how can this information be used to help students?

Research conducted in recent years shows that two thirds of the differences in children’s achievement levels at school are due to genes.

In fact, genes also affect the success of learners in different lessons.

But little is known about how genetic and environmental factors affect the success of the child throughout his school life.

To investigate this, more than 6 twin (over 12 children) in the UK were followed up from elementary school until the age of 16, when compulsory education was completed, and the educational success was examined.

How much of the success at school is determined by genes

Why twins?

It was seen that children who succeeded in elementary school, whose children’s success in education followed a stable line, also performed well at secondary school final examinations they entered at the age of 16.

The research was based on the fact that twins were 100 percent identical in their genes. Thus, it could be seen how effective the genes are in their success differences.

When all the data in primary and secondary schools are examined, it is seen that 70 percent of the twin’s educational achievement is due to genetic factors, 25 percent share common environmental factors (sharing the same family and school) and 5 percent share environmental factors (different teachers and friends, etc.) It was found welded.

When a difference between primary and secondary school achievement was determined for one of the twins, it was concluded that this was caused by non-common environmental factors of 5 percent.

Genetic determinants While

such studies on Gemini provide information on features within large groups, recent scientific developments shed light on the effects of genes on the individual.

Significant improvements have been recorded in the effort to find out which genetic determinants are associated with certain characteristics through genomic research. But each determinant of individual differences in school achievement represented only 0.1 percent of the event.

The results obtained in these studies were evaluated in a whole new study and the training achievement scores were formed. The effect of twins on school success varied from 4 to 10 percent depending on the educational stage. However, they were the same genetic variants that influenced their success differentials.

How much of the success at school is determined by genes

Early intervention

In the future, early intervention may be available to children in need of assistance at school, starting with these statements.

For example, postpartum DNA tests can be used to monitor genetic risk factors that can cause children to have problems reading at an older age.

Early intervention, such as a special education program for the child, will have a more positive impact

10 children who change the world with their ideas and inventions

10 children who change the world with their ideas and inventions

Jack Andraka

This boy was born in 1997 (in Men in Black). He was just an ordinary child until he died of a close family friend pancreatic cancer. This painful event inspires Jack. He tries to find a way to determine the early stages of cancer.

At the age of 15, he discovered a new type of sensor that detected the presence of cancer cells that gave cheaper, faster (x168), and more accurate (25-50%) results than all other tests. But at the end of this meeting, Dr. John Hopkins. Approved by Anirban Maitra, it was rejected by nearly 200 laboratories.

Ann Makosinski

In 2013, a 16-year-old Canadian high school student created the Hollow Flashlight, a hand-held flashlight that turns body heat into light without any battery or kinetic energy. He was deeply impressed when he learned that a friend in the Philippines had trouble at school: he had to do his homework at night, but there was no light at home.

Ann spent only 26 dollars for the prototype materials and aims to present the invention to people in developing countries free of charge.

Alex Deans

Born in 1997 (a really productive year), Alex created iAid, a navigation device to help blinds (at age 12). One time a blind woman helped her cross the street and told her that this blind woman was not a device to help her walk independently in her neighborhood.

Alex first taught himself how to program. And he created iAid, a hand-held navigation device that uses GPS and compass to identify any obstacles nearby and point the blind people in the right direction.

Malala Yousafzai

The youngest person to receive the Nobel Prize was born in Pakistan. SHe lived in a small town governed by the Taliban, which forbade girls from getting any education or going to school. At the age of 11, she writes a blog for a local BBC station and says that girls want to continue their education.

By the time she was 15, Malala was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman while boarding a bus station. she was rescued from attack and sent to a hospital where she lived in England, where she conducted many educational projects.

Anne Frank

Anne Frank wrote the Young Girl’s Diary, one of the world’s most well-known books. The family managed to hide for 2 years against the persecution of the time, but eventually arrested by the Gestapo and sent to a concentration camp.

She died in a camp just 16 months old just a few months before the war began. She diary was published by her father in 1952 and was translated into over 60 languages. She wanted to be a journalist, but her life was not long enough to witness even if her journal was published.

Elif Bilgin

16 years old, she has developed a process that makes a girl of bioplastics from banana peels finally after 2 years of research and unsuccessful attempts to Turkey. This is an important discovery that could potentially reduce petroleum-based pollution.

A magazine learned that Thailand threw 200 tons of banana shells a day and called for better use of them. He started the experiment and won the 2013 Science Action Award (Google’s $ 50,000 contest).

Boyan Slat

A 16-year-old Dutch teenager was shocked to find a plethora of plastic materials at sea while diving in Greece. High school opted to explore ocean pollution as a science project. At the age of 18, he presented a system that uses ocean currents, reducing the ocean cleaning process.

A number of organizations and companies have extinguished his invention. Boyan is the youngest person to receive the UN’s greenest prize.

Louis Braille

Most likely you have heard of Braille reading and writing system of visually impaired people. Louis Braille was created by a 15-year-old French inventor. When Louis is 3 years old, he experiences eye injury and becomes blind.

Despite his blindness, he was awarded a prestigious scholarship by the Royal Institute for Blind Youth for his education. There he began to work on a system that would help him to write and read quickly for the blind and offered it to his 15 year old peers.

Easton LaChappelle

A 14 year old boy made his first robot hand using LEGO and fishing wire. Using 3D printing technology and robotic knowledge, they have tried to make their prototype an affordable and practical device.

As a result, NASA has shown great interest in his work and invited him to join the Robonaut team. He is only 17 years old and has already started working for NASA. It’s a pretty impressive resume!

Philo Farnsworth

A successful 14-year-old farm student from chemistry and physics department once consulted a specific idea that he thought of his teacher in high school. The idea was very complicated, the management had to draw a diagram for readings later to convince the board.

The child was encouraged to continue working on the idea. Seven years later, in 1927, Philo Farnsworth developed and patented the world’s first fully electronic television.

Do not just judge your child by scores

The experienced educational staff stated that instead of evaluating the children’s grades on the floor, versatile assessment would be healthier.

They said that students who are weak in carnes are a bit hesitant about knowing their situation beforehand,he said that the student who made the broken note was not a very healthy reaction to trying to punish him.

Describing that the carnets with weak notes are not only the child but also the mother and father’s chambers at the same time, he noted that the parents did not have a healthy approach to wait until the end of the year and say “you brought it well, you brought it bad”.

Exactly, the fact that the parents, who evaluate the child’s performance, do not wait until the carnival, should communicate with their teachers during the year and follow their children’s situation, emphasizing, “If we have waited until the carnival, maybe the job has gone through.” Instead of waiting for the child to get used to the report, “We have to be very supportive of weak issues, stronger in areas where we are strong, we have to do our best, we have to act very badly or encourage the child to lie,” he said.

Reminiscent of playing on the notes of children who are weak in the carnina and afraid of the parents’ reaction, he continued:

“It is very unfortunate for a child to get into such a way, it is not such a nice thing about the parenting style, if the child is afraid to change the note, it is more important to be honest with the child from a young age, to face the problem beforehand, So we have to talk to the child from the beginning of the year and say, ‘Do we have weaknesses? How can we strengthen them, what to do?’ it is necessary to deal with the issues. ”

“Are the high marks in the ranks a success?”

He said that the parents always focus on the notes starting from the nursery school and that their parents are successful and think that they find them as lawyers, engineers or doctors.

Often, this is due to the fact that the mother and father focus on direct notes from very early ages and it is important that we have a good understanding of our child.Mother and father, ‘many maths’, weak teacher in subjects and we ask their children how many hours a week they are doing sports. This is a problem if the child is growing up and there is no socialization and if he can not improve his self-confidence by joining the spore .. Children who are successful from the social side will be even more successful in their lessons It is better to take children in a one- “he said.

“Do not exaggerate the prize”

Often, the award may need to be repeated in the same success, but it should not be too exaggerated.

“This is not a learning method, so you should not exaggerate your scorecard gifts so you have to do something appropriate to your child’s age and situation.” The gift is so exaggerated that the child will be given the latest model mobile phone but the child is in secondary school or in the final year of elementary school.This is very exaggerated and it makes it difficult for the child to learn further.It is dangerous if the child only starts to learn for the reward.

This country is a horror show’: Kindergarten classroom song goes viral

WHEN Georgy Cohen visited a kindergarten classroom in the United States this week where her child was set to attend school, she noticed something that didn’t sit well with her.

At first glance it looked innocuous but on closer inspection it’s rather heartbreaking and has been described as “a sick sign of the times”.

On the wall, next to a chart showing the alphabet, was the lyrics to a song.

“Lockdown, lockdown, lock the door, shut the lights off say no more,” read the lyrics on the classroom wall, which are reportedly sung to the tune of Twinkle Twinkle Little Star.

The little rhyming song is about what to do in case of a school shooting or similar situation.

It continues: “Go behind the desk and hide, wait until it’s safe inside. Lockdown, lockdown, it’s all done. Now it’s time to have some fun.”

Ms Cohen posted a photo of the poster on social media writing; “This should not be hanging in my soon-to-be-kindergartener’s (sic) classroom.”

As debate around gun control continues to rage in America, her Twitter post quickly spread across the internet, racking up more than 22,000 comments.

“This country is a horror movie,” wrote a different Twitter user who posted Ms Cohen’s photo seperately, receiving more than 133,000 likes and 46,000 retweets.




Ms Cohen who didn’t want to identify the school told The Boston Globe that the “jarring” sign was a far cry from the fire drills she had as a young student and lamented the state of the country after a string of school shootings.

“It was different — we didn’t have these same types of threats,” she told the newspaper. “These are the things they unfortunately have to do … I get it.”

Plenty of people chimed in on social media, decrying the harsh reality encapsulated by the poster.

Ms Cohen said she was pleased that her post had garnered such a strong reaction on Twitter and was quick to engage in debate about the issue of gun control with other users.

“To be shocked by it is important,” she told The Globe. “To see that absurdity and horror and have that sick feeling in your stomach is important. Stay outraged. And if it gets somebody to do something — to give money to an organisation or to call their representatives — then great, I think that’s important.”

The poster adorned the wall of a school in Somerville in the state of Massachusetts. As the story of the classroom song went around the world, the local Somerville Mayor Joseph Curtatone and Somerville Public Schools Superintendent Mary Skipper issued a joint statement to media saying the poster reflects the reality for students across the country.

“As much as we would prefer that school lockdowns not be a part of the educational experience, unfortunately this is the world we live in,” the statement read. “It is jarring — it’s jarring for students, for educators, and for families.

“Students in Somerville and across the country know how unnatural this is, as evidenced by their vocal leadership and advocacy this year in response to continuing school shootings.”

Such drills have become common practice in classrooms across the United States and teachers say songs like this one can help the younger students stay calm and remember the steps they need to take in such situations.


Kindergarten education

Warning to parents about the age of children starting nursery!

Psychologists stated that the different skills and experiences of the children should be handled according to these areas every year and the families have found recommendations to determine the age of starting the nursery.


“By observing the behavior of your child in your group of friends, you can understand that the nursery time has not come,” said Psychologists , who noted that even if the children were not adhering, the nursery should not be difficult.

Keeping in mind that it is very important for children to adapt to the world from the time the child is born, “It is important to follow the development of the child in physical, mental, emotional, spiritual and social fields in this sense as it is very important for the healthy development of your child who is trying to adapt to the world from birth. the pre-school education process is also an important and valuable step for children who are starting to get more places .. Children are used to social life, learn to share …

Kindergarten education


During the past 10 years, the press has said about the features that should be in children to start nursery school, stating that it has begun to be needed more for pedagogical reasons as well as for economic reasons in the last 10 years:
“Until the age of two, known as dairy, the child needs maternally and materially more and is not recommended until the age of 2. The children who are not brothers and sisters at home can find new friends and gain a sense of responsibility when they are at home. By observing your behavior, you can understand that the nursery time does not come in. Many early morning children are accustomed to and started to socialize after they go to nursery … Watch your health and behavior carefully in the first days of the cramp. Give it time and suggestions to get used to it. ”


Even if a non-adaptee child should not be sent nurseries, Psychologists said, “If you are experiencing problems with toilet training in your child, cooling off from school, sleeping problems, deterioration in eating habits, aggression, communication disorders, try to find alternative solutions for nursing without losing time. it is expected that the child will be able to say “good-bye” or “good-bye” to his parents or carer without deeply anxiety and anxiety, ie ready to be separated from them. Of course the nursery may be a little uneasy during the first days. The nursery should be able to convey to parents the important developments that the child has had while away from his parents and the wrong behaviors made to him, even if not in detail. 


Recalling that the child who can not tell the needs of toilets can lead to the difficulty of sending the nursery, Psychologists said, “It is supposed that the nursery child can say that he or she has come to have a pancake and a cacus or at least they can say” I made a pancake “,” I made a pancake ” It is expected that a child who is not able to speak very simple needs such as ‘I am hungry’, ‘I want water’, ‘I have a bad feeling’ may have trouble if I send his or her own food.It is expected to be able to eat the food of the kindergarten by itself. but the child must be willing to go nursery and make new friends.Entertainment should be possible.The nursery should be as independent as the child can choose an activity without the help of a teacher The event you have attended successfully lasts 10-20 minutes.