Recommendations for Families that Begin the Kindergarten!

Recommendations for Families that Begin the Kindergarten!

– Kindergarten – Recommendations for Families that Begin the Kindergarten!Primary school first class and the registration of the smallest of the little ones preparing to open a new page in their lives Monday (September 12th), experts advise families to be calm and determined, to give a sense of confidence to their happy children .

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Dr.Tamar, the first class of primary school or children in the first grade, the school may start in the beginning of the in school anxiety ece by drawing attention to the parents, according to the attitude of their children to act in order to help overcome anxiety, he said.

Tamar, in particular, who have a tendency for anxiety, who have difficulty adapting to new situations, can be seen in this issue, said Tamar.

Professor Dr. Tamar said that it was normal for each child to have a little anxiety when starting school, but that excessive anxiety could cause problems. Many children ensure the harmony over time. It would be more difficult for children who did not attend pre-school preparatory classes. It will be easier to start children in preschool education.


Tamar, parents who will face this situation to behave in a cold-blooded and the child to provide relief.

Stressing that the child’s anxiety would be overcome if the mother or father is also anxious, Tamar said:

Even the mother’s facial expression is important, the child feels. Cold blood will work. A lot of advice is useless. Our attitudes, approach, calmness are always more relaxing for the child. It must be calm and determined, it gives the child a sense of security. If the father is anxious, then the mother lives and the child can be stretched. Empathy is being established, ‘What I do is how it affects my child, is it a joyful environment that we all talk together, or does my child feel uncomfortable talking with my own needs?’ he should ask them. In cases where the anxiety is prolonged and the family cannot cope, seek professional help.

6 Suggestions for Children with School Phobia

6 Suggestions for Children with School Phobia

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Specialist recommends warm and sincere treatment while helping children get to school and beating school phobia.

This year, a new era begins in the life of the school bell. However, this year, as opposed to other education periods, those who have reached the age of 5.5 years start their first year. Children’s parents, separated from the family elders who are interested in them, the problems they are experiencing to enter a new environment seems to increase.

You’re always afraid if you say ,don’t be afraid!

Do not be afraid, there is nothing to be afraid to say ‘If you say that the child to say that there is something to be afraid to do, such as making, you should avoid creating sentences that contain commands.

6 suggestions for school fear

The child, who is preparing to enter a new environment, wants to know what will happen in the environment to feel safe. However, in order to be able to know and understand it, the child needs to have sufficient and qualified time. Here are 6 suggestions to defeat this fear:







In addition to this, parents leave their children in the classroom and have a quiet tone and appearance. Children are sensitive to what their parents feel and if they’re concerned, they’ll know right away. Hence, by saying goodbye, the mood you are in affects how he cries or cries happily for school. No matter how sad you feel, feel free to speak with a calm and constructive tone. If you are worried or unhappy, your child receives a message elendir There is something that worries my mother about going to the school / nursery / home, so there may be something I don’t know?

All of these approaches may sometimes fail. In this case it may be useful to get support from a specialist. Game therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy methods and drug therapy are among the methods used. Sometimes, alone or sometimes, these methods are combined to provide treatment.

Insecure children have more difficulty

In addition to the calendar age, the physical and mental development of the child is also an indicator of whether he / she is ready to start school. Some children may mature later, so they may have to wait another year to begin school. However, if a reluctance arises due to attachment or anxiety, this behavior needs to be addressed.

In such cases, the postponement does not prevent him from giving the same reactions when he starts school, even after 2-3 years. This is seen more frequently in insecure children who have never left their parents and felt the separation of the separation. The anxiety level of these children is quite high and may be a state of anxiety in their parents. It is more common in children who have never been given responsibility, who are overprotected and who are not allowed to develop their autonomy.

His sister, his brother, the job easier

One of the questions asked is whether the only children or the ones with their siblings are more likely to start school. Although there is no definite answer to this question, it is a little more difficult for children who think that they will spend time with their little sister’s mother at home. Children with older siblings or older children, older sisters and their brothers went to school to see the relaxation of the child in this situation by creating an incentive to encourage motivation increases.

The distant and indecisive teacher can increase the anxiety of the child

The most concern for children in school is the separation from the parents and the fear of not seeing them again. At the point where children feel safe, their concerns are diminishing and their adaptation to the school becomes easier.

There are also important tasks for teachers besides parents. From the moment the child enters school and is in a state of concern, the first contact with his teacher is very important. A caring and relevant teacher facilitates the adaptation of the child by giving them a sense of trust, while a distant and ambivalent teacher can raise the child’s anxiety by creating mistrust. For this reason, the child’s first day of school for the day or day to bring his beloved one or two toys that the teacher would be useful to allow, some of the rules stretching the child’s school adaptation will create an important support element.

The teacher should be able to make the parents and the child feel that they are aware of what is doing and what they are doing by taking control from the parents. The parents who trust the teacher will reflect this on their child and the child will believe that he will be safe.

Don’t tell your child these 4 sentences!

Some warnings about parents about correct sentences and wrong sentences:

Don’t say, Do not be afraid !: If the mother says d Do not be afraid to her child “it means that there is something to be afraid of from a child’s point of view. As it hurts when you say Do not be afraid, the needle will not hurt at all “.

”Don’t worry, I’ll never leave you in the next room : The child’s opening in his mind: You have to worry, because I’m curious too, if he lets me be vicious people, I’ll be waiting for you in the next room, but I’m not sure either“.

I will never forget / leave you at school, your father, your aunt, your grandfather will take you “: In the child’s mind: al I have the possibility to forget you in school, and if I am so forgetful, I hope someone will take you“.

Do you want to go to school?In the child’s mind: You have the right to go to school and keep things you know at home (TV, toys, games, etc.). I’d prefer what I knew if I were you.







How to Treat a Computer and a Game Addict?

How to Treat a Computer and a Game Addict?

In computer games, the game squares passed in front of the eyes of the player who plays the game quickly think quickly and try to act quickly.When such games are played for hours, the brain is programmed to think fast and move fast. But the brain The physician who evaluates many things at the same time as his / her physiology, cannot analyze and synthesize a subject deeply. In other words, quick thinking hinders focus and focus on a subject or object. Therefore, everything that the person is directed to is addressed from a deep perspective. This leads to big problems especially in students and it is not possible to concentrate on the lessons. No matter how difficult the student can not learn the subject he is working on, because of computer games in the course of time due to overcrowding and varying degrees of hyperactivity develop very quickly due to hyperactivity comes .


Continuing to play computer games brain, fast but superficial thinking is programmed to think about .In this case, high level learning and detection difficulties occur. In fact, the parent binds the failure of his children to computer time. However, the main event is the physiological disorder in the brain formed by computer games. The same disorder can be exposed to people who read very quickly. This physiological disorder may also occur in those who read very fast documents, books, newspapers or magazines for some reason, or those who do research in a continuous manner. In this case, focusing and concentration disturbance is inevitable after a while. Most of the time, people suddenly develop a weakening of the perception and analysis of their abilities, they are connected to any defect in their lives and never find the main reason, ” he said.


Reminding that a computer game addicted person in Norway killed sadistically 92 people who are on holiday in an island,then finally recorded;Computer gaming addiction cannot be said to make everyone killer, but if there is an anti-social psychopathic personality disorder in the background, it can awaken the monster within it and lead to such mass killings. In a person who constantly kills the front because of the action game on the computer, the instinct of killing can be activated in real life. These individuals have a subset of psychopathic social adjustment disorders. When the balance in the brain due to continuous game play, the killer instinct or the sense of massacre can be activated. Behind the unreasonable massacres in various parts of the world, it is highly likely that there will be computer game addiction along with personality disorder.


First of all, the brain should be fallow for a while. In other words, the person who has brain balance and balance due to computer games should stay away from the computer game for at least 3 months and should not enter into any learning activity. I personally suggest that students with such aberration should freeze for a period of time. During this period, I want nothing to read and stop learning. After a while, if the permanent disorders do not develop, brain function will return to its normal physiological state. Any drug use or antidepressant, anxiolytic drugs are ineffective for people with computer addiction. They can even make the situation worse. However, brain reset with TMS can result. Behavioral cognitive therapies, it does not correct distraction and learning disabilities, but it can help with game addiction. But most importantly, rest the brain for at least 2-3 months. ”

Parents who slow down the brain

The overprotective parent model not only restricts children’s freedom. According to Japanese researchers, it can slow the development of the brain!

The news that I read in New Scientist magazine says in a nutshell: Psychiatric disorders are more common in children whose parents are overly protective or negligent. Because psychiatric disorders are associated with disorders in the brain’s so-called ‘prefrontal cortex’.

The Japanese have done the research: Kosuke Narita from Gunma University examined the brain of 50 people in her 20s. He also gave a questionnaire to the subjects in the first 16 years, questioning their relationship with their parents. This survey, called ‘Parental Bonding’, is a sort of ‘parent-child relationship meter’ used around the world. Among the items to be evaluated were comments such as ‘He did not want me to grow up’ or ‘He would control everything’.

Another protectionism of love other Narita, found that the gray matter in the brain of young people who described their parents as overprotective was less. Another interesting finding is that, in cases where the father is neglectful and not the mother, the brain is the least of the gray matter in the same region!

Research for the following reason came to me particularly interesting: you know, good parenting in Turkey, mostly mixed with excessive protectionism. Every time he stumbles, the boy jumps over, is not allowed to do anything on his own, he is played with the child’s psychology to establish authority.

Neglect is at the other end of the extreme protectionism: I mean not to spend time with the child, not to show any interest, not to have a relationship, to pretend that there is no. This is unfortunately a common situation in fathers. Are the related, relevant fathers not treated like priceless Indian fabrics?
Of course, it is not possible to make generalizations based on a little research. According to psychiatrists, there are more important factors that cause serious discomfort. Nevertheless, no matter what happens iyle Parents would be better off being too overprotective of their children, stop mixing with love!

Do You Take Time for Your Child?

Do You Take Time for Your Child?

It is very important for parents to spend time emotionally on the development of children, especially in the first five years.

Research shows that it is very important for parents to be emotionally involved in the development of children, especially in the first five years of age. Especially in these years, children have very positive contributions to the development of central nervous system.

Parents should leave aside the intensity of their daily work and only have time for their children. It is common for fathers to spend less time with their children due to various reasons they have difficulty in giving children time. This time of separation will provide many benefits for your child in the short and long term, so many of these benefits are just a few of them.

The time you spend with your child is very important in terms of his self-confidence development, as it is worth the time you give him. Out of the subconscious I care about you because I spare time you give the message. Acting as if it is not in the house, which does not take into account the presence and absence, indirectly affects the self-confidence of the child.

Especially in families with a high number of children, it is important that each child has equal time. Because the number of children is small or there are no other siblings in the families with one child or the number is less, the task of spending more time is calculated as a further increase in the number of parents.

The time you spend with your child will cause him to cope with stress more easily and more easily overcome the difficulties. When we look at the research done especially up to adulthood period, it is seen that people who have close ties with their parents and family during their childhood struggle more easily with the stress situation they face and they recover more easily in cases such as depression. This will make your child stronger in the short and long term.

The time you spend with your child will give you an intimacy between you and him, giving you a more relaxed emotional expression against you, which will make it easier for you to understand what he feels emotionally and internally. Otherwise he will become a child who is far away from you, cannot express his feelings to you and who does not share with the family even though he has many problems. In the long term, this seems likely to cause many psychiatric problems.

We can say that the quality of your child is not the length of time you spend with your child. One of the most frequently asked questions is time, which is an important problem especially for working mothers.

The issue we emphasize here is;
By increasing the quality of your time spent with your child, you can meet the needs of this issue.
Do not forget to spend time in your daily life with a program and eating, watching television, sleeping and so on with your child.
According to each age group, it will ensure your child’s happiness and contribute to his / her normal psychological development.
Otherwise, your child will ask you for time problems with behavior problems and you will have to deal with it.

25 Tactics That Will Make Your Child Smarter

25 Tactics That Will Make Your Child Smarter

Keep in mind that children learn a lot of things by following you and be a good example. It is also useful if you take into account the following suggestions to raise your intelligence level .

1. Talk to him. Talking to your children and listening to them is the two most important things you can do. If no one talks to him, he does not learn to speak, and if no one listens to it, his brain cannot practice; therefore, he cannot communicate. Talk, he’ll need to contact you in every period of his life! According to research, the way you talk to your baby is different from the others and your baby learns to speak from your words. Your words are full of compassion for your parents to the development of your brain .

2. Say the songs. If you sing songs with your baby, laugh and joke, your children will talk sooner.

3. Describe objects. Named him, describe some objects, compare them with other objects, explain what they do. You’ll notice that you listen to pure attention!

4. Cut sounds from the background. If the sound of the television or radio is very clear, it prevents you and your baby from listening and speaking.

5. Give him your full attention when your child speaks. Try not to turn your back, kneel down and make eye contact.

6. Read him something. It allows your child to read something, learn his / her language, increase his / her perceptions, attention width. So make the books a part of your life, and make your child sleep while you read to him. When you start to draw your child’s attention, read the figures of the letters so that some children can learn to read from the age of 3.

7. Play music. Although classical music hasn’t been proven to provide your child with a brighter intelligence, music will enrich his mental and emotional development. Some people believe that music and mathematics are interrelated. However, studies show that musicians are no different or better than most people in mathematics. The learning courage that families provide with their books and communication plays an important role in the mathematical ability of children.

The Modern Cinderella Story
8. Sing to your child while you sleep. This helps your child to sleep more comfortably as well as to improve the vocabulary.

9. Teach other things with music. Yardımcı 1- 2 -3 We are washing our hands 4- 5-6 Now it is time to brush your teeth… zaman melodies like help your child to concentrate and remember the words.

10. Let your child choose the music he loves. And the drums, use the cymbals for a while to remove the noise.

11. Let it paint. Don’t stop your children from spending time with crayons and play dough, because they increase their manual skills and help them express themselves in an artistic way.

12. Be sure to present your tastes. Compliment them and hang them on a wall that everyone can see.

13. Keep materials for artistic activities. Do not throw egg boxes, store shopping packages, and use to cut and glue rolls on toilet paper. You can collect leaves in the park to make different collages and store the pieces of wallpapers for your children.

14. Make the numbers a part of your life. The sooner he learns math, the more comfortable he is and the better his confidence. Start with small steps, such as counting staircases.

15. Teach the numbers in a melodic way. ”Six out of five after breakfast, six of seven cat livers after six“.

16. Talk about quantities such as large and small. . Can you count the plates on the table?? Mis Do you want the big one or the small one?

17. Teach the numbers with the help of toys and games. Get magnetic numbers pasted into the refrigerator, the ones made of foam you can throw in the bathtub, puzzles about numbers, or what Monopoly has for children.

18. Teach the numbers by dividing some things into pieces. Divide food into small pieces and count them together with your child.

You may be interested: Do this test, get to know yourself!
19. Never use the TV as a babysitter. Because he can’t be in your place to communicate with your children.

20. Don’t worry about watching the same video or DVD countless times. Repetition helps your child learn.

21. Navigate and learn. You can learn a lot about trips to a park, library or store.

22. Try changing your activities occasionally. Have him / her play with other children and see them and their families regularly.

23. Benefit from all public facilities. Parks, libraries, museums, art galleries and swimming pools, such as places to take your child to socialize.

24. Use the mirrors. Let your baby see his / her body and mobility by watching the reflection.

25. Feed the breast milk. Breast it until your baby is at least 6 months old

Let your children interrupt the use of electronic devices every two hours

Let your children interrupt the use of electronic devices every two hours

In the UK, public health experts have made some suggestions to make children’s relationship with electronic devices safer. One of these is to keep the electronic devices away from the dining table in the evening and to ensure that they are not used at bedtime.
According to the experts, it is also necessary to interrupt the screen activity every two hours.

The report, which contains the comments of experts on public health in the UK , on “Screen-related activities and the psychosocial health of children and young people” was published today.

The report emphasized that technology companies should make more efforts for the safety of children.

Other recommendations for families are as follows;

– Electronic devices should not be on the table while eating, and this important period for the development of children should be considered as time for family chat.

-The devices should not get into the bedroom

-The parents should talk to their children about being safe on the Internet and not being exposed to virtual threats and should tell them what they can do if they have concerns about it.

-Phone should not be used during crossing or other activities that require full attention

-Children should interrupt the use of the phone or tablet after 2 hours of display time, get up and move

– Parents should pay attention to the use of the device and pay enough attention to the children.

‘Social media companies should develop algorithms that highlight positive content’
The report stated that there was no clear and direct connection between the use of electronic devices and mental health problems.

It has been emphasized that the exposure of young people to eating images such as anorexia, which elevate their eating disorders, to suicide and self-injurious actions can be quite harmful.

Social media companies were also advised to develop algorithms that highlight positive content.

In England, a young girl named Molly Russell had recently committed suicide and was exposed to suicidal and self-injurious harmful substances. Father Russell, for Instagram “My daughter has helped die,” he said.

Professor Sally Davies, head of the Public Health Unit, said that he found the incident tragic and that some children were subjected to inappropriate content.

However, Davies said there is no clear link between screen activity and mental health problems, and should be cautious until the results of this research are concluded.

According to Davies, there is a need for new rules regulating the activities of technology companies in the UK. In particular, applications that lead to collecting a large number of likes of the kind that create screen addiction, or rewarding events such as photo sharing, need to be considered.

How should be toilet training in children?

How should be toilet training in children?

Toilet Training Period 12 -36 is the period between months. In this period, with the child standing on his own feet, with his standing on it, we gradually call it common life symbiotic life . The process begins to unravel. With this discovery, an infinite curiosity begins in the child: curiosity and confusion. Hands everything, shuffles, gets everywhere, goes from everywhere. There is no danger to him. He wants to try, perceive and apply all he can learn. Naturally, it is also the limits of the freedom of the child.

We call this period the period of autonomy, that is, everything is in the hands of the child and he wants it to be. That is why there is a time of friction with the mother. He has set out to enjoy his freedom in eternal curiosity. Mom is waiting to limit, stop. , Stop, do not go, get, take, exit, handling with the form of obstacles. As a result of this, a conflict arises in the child’s feelings towards the mother against the mother. The child of this period is dependent on the mother, not completely disconnected from him; On the other hand, I am in tune with his mother in promoting her own limits, not trying to do as she tells it. ”Anal period. It is also called toilet training period “. In this importance, the mouth region has lost its importance and the anal region has gained feature.

Pee or pee for the child at this age. they are very effective tools in the war with his mother, He will do them wherever he wants, whenever he wants; will not want to recognize the border. However, in this period, because of the mother trying to give him toilet training place, a friction between mother and child in determining time occurs. Again in the sleeping area; the mother wants to deposit the child at certain hours, the child does not sleep, he wants to know more the world by being more awake. In the field of nutrition, the child, with this sense of autonomy, wants to eat his own food, as well as infect, infuse, sink his face and enjoy it, while the mother wants to teach him something about cleanliness and order; to be sure that the child is full.

The child of this period does not want to know any limits, and if we leave it to infinity, what will be the consequences? In this period, children have never met a limit; When they are blocked, they develop tantrums, children who hit the floor and hit their heads on walls when they are prevented by a rule, a selfish, aggressive request. Strike, they’re crushing. Children who do not learn how to poo their poo, how to do it, go around with poo. therefore they have no concern, no place or time. At the other end, what happens when obstacles are unpredictable and extreme, when obstacles that do not fit the child’s nature are placed?

In this period, the distributor, curious, moving, mixer, the features of the child is very restricted and these qualities are suppressed; be overly malleable, passive, prescriptive; the child may develop extreme rigor and order fondness. When toilet training begins with a child’s physiological and mental readiness, or when the child is treated with a toilet training to allow for excessive oppression, flexibility, even small kidnappings at the beginning of training; in this period, even if toilet training is gained as a result of overpressure and supervision, when the child encounters any stress factor at later ages, the process that has not been resolved within the toilet education period comes back with the symptoms of pee or poo (enuresis, encopresis). So how should we handle children in autonomy?

In this period, the nature of excessive resistance, stubborn child’s stubbornness of the stubborn child to go on the spite of going to fear is invalid and will give negative results. It may be an appropriate attitude to offer different options to attract attention to other areas. It should be known that patience, patience and exaggerated minor dilemmas are not exaggerated with rigorous anxiety, but a stable parental attitude can be very beneficial. It is sufficient to take the child to the toilet during the hours when the child will be pee or poop, to repeat this procedure at appropriate and certain intervals and to reward him when he informs. In addition, this period is very confusing and dangerous to the child, it is necessary to be careful to protect from hazards.
To protect the child from dangers; appropriate environment in the house to play it easily, it can be poured to provide the corners it will be useful, this period in the education of the child “autonomy period” taking into account the developmental characteristics of the rule, not over-printed, the child’s own ability to recognize and allow the use of, but limiting when necessary and non-variable attitude When monitored, tensions between the child and the parent are minimized and the child is supported with a periodic quality towards a healthy development line. In this age children water games, soil and sand games, sounds, percussion, plug-in games, plugging toys, confusion, infectiousness, curiosity and aggressive impulses to unload, is a suitable game options in terms of orientation.

Children ‘running slowly from their parents’

A worldwide study found that parents of today’s children cannot run as fast as they did in childhood.

Experts, the American Heart Association’s annual meeting of the data presented in the form of children indicates that the decline.

Researchers have gone back 46 years in the study of 25 million children in 28 countries.

The data showed that an average child is running 90 seconds slower than a mile (about 1 kilometer) distance from children 30 years ago. 
Obesity problem

According to the study, cardiovascular durability, which was accepted as a measure of how much children were running in a certain period of time, decreased by 5% in all countries every ten years.

This decline in girls and boys aged 9-17 is associated with obesity and is a major problem in some countries.

Art 30% to 60% of the decline in running performance can be explained by the increase in the body’s fat mass, art says Dr Grant Tomkinson of the South Australian University.

The problem affecting more Western countries is also felt in Asia, South Korea, China and Hong Kong.

Importance of physical activity

Emphasizing the importance of encouraging children to do sports, Dr Tomkinson stated that this problem would have grave consequences for public health. 
Tomkinson emphasizes that children who are not in general form today are more likely to develop heart disease in older ages.

Experts, children and young people to stay healthy for at least an hour walking, running, cycling, such as physical activity should be found. 
Professor Michael Gwitz of the American Heart Association emphasizes that the activity type is important, and that there must be a dynamic and sweaty activity that is continuous in terms of cardiovascular health.


How does  school affect children’s success without homework?

How does school affect children’s success without homework?

Homework is considered as an integral part of school and education system. So how does it affect children’s success if we take homework from a school? Here is the experiment of this problem.

Mark Trifilio, a fourth-year teacher at a state primary school in Vermont, USA, spoke last summer about the new school year and homework, which will sit together with the school’s 40 educators. They had a long discussion of how much homework was given to children and whether homework was being taught.

According to the news in The Washington Post, Trifilio had thought about it for a while. According to him, there seemed to be an unbalanced homework burden for students of different classes at the same class level, and the difference between grade levels was not very meaningful. He examined the researches on the effectiveness of the assignment and learned that the assignment in the primary school did not correlate with a better academic performance – except after school reading.

So Trifilio suggested an experiment at this meeting with the teachers: Let us put an end to all assignments at each class level and ask the students to read at home themselves or ask them to read a book with a parent or a grown-up adult if they are not ready to read on their own Trifilio was very surprised at the same time when all the teachers working with special needs and the teachers who had different mother tongue accepted this idea.

Io All of the 40 teachers voted yes, in says Trifilio. Iler They also said yes, not just yes, a fierce yes. When can 40 people agree on a topic?

And so, by implementing this new rule, they announced on the internet sites:

Students’ Daily Homework

1. Read only the right books every evening – and let your parents read  you the book. 
2. Go out and play –  it doesn’t mean more screen time. 
3. Eat dinner with your family –  and help set up and collect the table. 
4. Take a good night’s sleep.

So what was the result?

At the end of the six months of experiments, Trifilio says they’ve achieved a great success: l The students didn’t stay academically back, and maybe they went better, and most importantly, they now have more time to be creative at home and go after their passion.

Students were asked to read books each evening. Families were given book recommendations, but they were not asked to fill in the number of pages a day. Because we know that most of them are filled with mind, says Trifilio.

Trifilio organized a family survey on new policies and the majority of parents in the school of about 400 students responded to the survey. Most of the families supported the lack of homework. They said that their children now have time to pursue other things instead of mathematics papers. Many families reported that their children read more books on their own than before. A small minority feared that students would miss learning opportunities they would acquire by doing homework and would not be ready for secondary school.

One of the parents of the school, James Conway, tells his son, Sean, about his son’s preschool . So it works. D

So what does the research say about homework? Although academicians continue to work on the subject, an analysis by researcher Harris Cooper and his colleagues in 2006 was one of the most cited studies.

Research in 2006 found that homework in the primary school did not contribute to academic achievement, and that the task had only a small effect on improving academic performance over older students.