Preschool

How does pre-school education affect the child’s brain?

How does pre-school education affect the child’s brain?

There are critical periods in the development of the brain. The most important of these periods are undoubtedly the preschool period. Here the characteristics of the brain in pre-school period and the importance of pre-school education in terms of the brain .

Recent neuro-educational research, the neural mechanisms underlying academic skills, examine emotional and social behaviors. In particular, brain development, plasticity and findings related to the same neurons emphasized the importance of creating an optimum environment for each individual to learn and the importance of preschool learning.

• In terms of the development of the human brain, the first definitions, concepts learned, methods of approaching and solving problems in the first four years constitute the ilk road maps and life compasses ilk of people in later life. In other words, in pre-school education, priority should be given not to academic skills but to process skills, ie communication, expression ability, social skills.

How does preschool education affect the child’s brain?

• In-class activities that are planned and organized for the implementation of the training program should have features that enhance the performance of the brain by happy children . Many brain-oriented concepts such as motivation and pleasure of the brain, right-left brain working in integrity, cross activities, use of excitement and emotions in learning, planning and organizing, postponement and concentration, and the infrastructure of all the activities and activities of pre-school teachers. It should be created. In this process, especially in pre-school period music events are one of our greatest helpers. Psychodrama, which is another approach technique, aims to raise awareness to the person.

• identifying the skilled and talented people with modern techniques that measure brain functionality in countries; Training in accordance with a model developed for this group; training of trainers and support personnel to work with this group; and making legal arrangements that will ensure sustainability of all these is a very important step for the loss of human resources.

• Seeking answers to the question ından Who will remain to the future e is very important to draw attention to problems and innovations in the field of education. The future will remain the owners of creative ideas and creative actions. This brings up the process of restructuring schools.

.The development of thinking skills is a process that begins at a very young age. If we can teach our students to ask the right questions and to look at what they have learned from different perspectives, they will come as individuals who can produce them in the future.

• Creative thinking is, in part, a different way of thinking but benefiting from critical thinking techniques. Although there are individuals who are superior in nature at a rate of about one percent, a group of about 24% are educable creators, and creative expert thinking skills should be trained by the expert.

• Our students; different culturebrain – brain1 – How Does Preschool Education Affect Your Brain?they have different levels of emotional and social maturity. As they have different perceptual preferences, they also have different learning styles / styles. Positive learning environments should be established for each student.

• Children with delays or difficulties in speech and language development are easily noted when compared to their peers in preschool institutions. The role of preschool institutions is very important for the realization of the problem and the stimulation of families.

• Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), consisting of three main components of attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsivity, should be considered as scales and tests used to diagnose childhood disorder, and should not be confused with what kind of conditions and approach methods should be considered.

• Children with sensory integration disorders should be approached with understanding, this should not be more than misbehavior or mood, but it should be kept in mind that there may be a sense integration disorder.

• Child developmentists and educators emphasize the importance of education in the early period. In the Brain Based Learning Process, which overlaps with the basic principles and objectives of pre-school education, it is important that teachers are informed about different educational and teaching approaches and based on brain-based learning approaches instead of traditional methods when making education plans.

Recommendations for Families that Begin the Kindergarten!

Recommendations for Families that Begin the Kindergarten!

– Kindergarten – Recommendations for Families that Begin the Kindergarten!Primary school first class and the registration of the smallest of the little ones preparing to open a new page in their lives Monday (September 12th), experts advise families to be calm and determined, to give a sense of confidence to their happy children .

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Dr.Tamar, the first class of primary school or children in the first grade, the school may start in the beginning of the in school anxiety ece by drawing attention to the parents, according to the attitude of their children to act in order to help overcome anxiety, he said.

Tamar, in particular, who have a tendency for anxiety, who have difficulty adapting to new situations, can be seen in this issue, said Tamar.

Professor Dr. Tamar said that it was normal for each child to have a little anxiety when starting school, but that excessive anxiety could cause problems. Many children ensure the harmony over time. It would be more difficult for children who did not attend pre-school preparatory classes. It will be easier to start children in preschool education.

”MULTIPLE ITEMS CANNOT WORK”

Tamar, parents who will face this situation to behave in a cold-blooded and the child to provide relief.

Stressing that the child’s anxiety would be overcome if the mother or father is also anxious, Tamar said:

Even the mother’s facial expression is important, the child feels. Cold blood will work. A lot of advice is useless. Our attitudes, approach, calmness are always more relaxing for the child. It must be calm and determined, it gives the child a sense of security. If the father is anxious, then the mother lives and the child can be stretched. Empathy is being established, ‘What I do is how it affects my child, is it a joyful environment that we all talk together, or does my child feel uncomfortable talking with my own needs?’ he should ask them. In cases where the anxiety is prolonged and the family cannot cope, seek professional help.

Different Intelligence Types in the Learning Process

There is always a way for every student to learn easily and there is also a skill area where every student is talented.

 There is always a way for every student to learn easily, and each student has a skill field where he / she is talented. It is important that educators and families watch their children’s interests and talents carefully, direct them to areas where they feel strongly, and thus help them in learning processes.

Until the 1980s, intelligence was defined and measured as linguistic and mathematical skills under the name IQ. According to this definition, intelligence is one-piece, single element. In addition to this basic assumption, the belief that people are born with a fixed intelligence and that intelligence has undergone little change in life has been valid. However, these views, which have been the subject of severe criticism for the last ten years, have undergone a radical change.

Howard Gardner, a neoclassic psychologist from Harvard University professor, wrote in his 1983 book çalış Frames of Reason bey that our culture has defined intelligence very limited; whereas people have more than one type of intelligence.

According to H. Gardner; each person has different types of intelligence and some are more developed than others. Other researchers add new ones to these intelligence types, which draw attention to the existence of the theory.

Principles of Multiple Intelligence Theory

People have different types of intelligence.

 Every man has his own intelligence profile.

All the intelligence is dynamic.

Intelligence in human beings can be identified and improved.

Everyone has the opportunity to recognize and develop their own intelligence.

Every wit; memory, attention, perception and problem solving are different.

– During the use of an intelligence, other intelligence can also be used.

Personal infrastructure, culture, inheritance, belief is effective in the development of intelligence.

All the intelligence is a different and special source for the realization of man himself.

There may also be different intelligence than is currently known.

Different Intelligence Types According to Multiple Intelligence Theory

1 – Language – Verbal Intelligence: Thinking and expressing with words, evaluating meanings in language, comprehension of meanings in words, reading poetry, humor, storytelling, grammar, metaphorical expression, abstract and symbolic thinking, creating a language containing complex events such as concept creation and writing. ability to use effectively.

Characteristics of individuals with strong linguistic-verbal intelligence: Word treasures are very wide. They enjoy telling tales, stories or jokes. They love reading, word games and puzzle solving. They like to find and use rhyming words and say rhymes quickly. Names, places, days, etc. are good memories of things. They establish a high level verbal relationship with others. Young children enjoy reading books or telling stories. Better writers than expected.

2- Logical – Mathematical Intelligence: The ability of thinking with numbers, calculating, constructing logical relations, making conclusions, producing hypothesis, problem solving, critical thinking, working with abstract symbols such as geometric shapes, building a relationship between pieces of knowledge.

Logical – Characteristics of individuals with a strong mathematical intelligence: They wonder how everything works and ask questions. Mathematics is their favorite course. Mathematical games make them very enjoyable. They enjoy playing games such as checkers, chess. Logic puzzle or mathematical ability to solve the questions they like very much. They ask a lot of questions about the formation and functioning of events. They can think abstract and conceptual. They establish a cause-effect relationship. They establish links between information. There are strong reasoning. Studies such as calculation and counting, classification and categorization, riddles / puzzles, strategy formation and games, making comparisons are among the studies supporting this kind of intelligence.

3- Visual – Spatial Intelligence: It is the ability to think with images, images, shapes and lines, to perceive and judge three-dimensional objects.

Characteristics of individuals with strong visual-spatial intelligence: They enjoy visual activities such as puzzles and mazes. His drawings and pictures are very successful. They love visual shows like movies, slides. Maps, charts and diagrams are easier to read than written text. They build interesting three-dimensional structures like Lego buildings. The pictures in the books are more instructive than written. The sense of direction developed. Children dream more than their peers. Visualization of the mind, using color waves, graphics, symbols, chess, photography, handicrafts, collections, legos, blocks, maps, colored pencils, design and geography journals support this kind of intelligence.

4- Physical – Kinesthetic Intelligence: It is the ability to express self by gestures, gestures and gestures and to use the brain and body coordination effectively.

Characteristics of individuals with strong physical-kinesthetic intelligence: They like to reassemble or disassemble things or similar. They are skilled in jobs that require manual skills such as wood carving, sewing, knitting, making a model. They deal in one or more sports. They like running, jumping, wrestling. They can’t sit still for long periods of time. They learn something from piece to piece. They remember more done than they say. They learn best by doing, living, touching and moving. They easily imitate others’ gestures and facial expressions. Sports activities, theater, handicrafts, clay studies, drama are among the activities that support this kind of intelligence.

5- Musical – Rhythmic Intelligence: Sounds, notes, thinking with rhythms, recognition of different sounds, sounds from the environment, sensitivity to musical instruments and the ability to produce new sounds and rhythms.

The characteristics of individuals with strong musical-rhythmic intelligence: Most of them have a beautiful voice or sing beautifully. The musical instrument is eager to play or play. They like to listen to music, they like to sing songs they learn. They enjoy taking part in chorus or similar activities. They remember song melodies. They have a rhythmic speech and / or movement. They are very sensitive to environmental sounds (eg the sound of rain on the roof). They work more efficiently in a music-playing environment. Rhythm, singing, dancing, teaching the concepts of music, choir is one of the studies that support this kind of intelligence.

6- Social – Interpersonal Intelligence: Working within the group, verbal and nonverbal communication, understanding, interpreting and interpreting people’s emotions, thoughts and behaviors and convincing people.

Characteristics of individuals with strong social – interpersonal intelligence: They have leadership characteristics, they are popular among friends. They are seen as natural leaders. They enjoy taking part in social activities. They like to take part in clubs, organizations, committees. There are more than one close friends. They care about others and worry about them. Suggestions to friends who have problems. They look after people, friends. They like to tell other people something. Team games, discussion groups, social events, clubs, associations and foundations are the works that support this kind of intelligence.

7- Personal – Inner Intelligence: The ability to recognize one’s own feelings, the degree of emotional reaction, the process of thinking, the self-assessment and the ability to create goals for himself / herself.

Personal – Characteristics of individuals with strong internal intelligence: They are independent and self-determined. They don’t talk much about their interests or hobbies. They say their feelings as they are, without exaggeration. They usually like to work and play alone.

8- Nature Intelligence: It is the skill of researching and recognizing all living things in nature. In theory, everyone has all of the above types of intelligence in varying proportions. Some types of intelligence may be stronger than others. However, all types of intelligence are open to development.

How does  school affect children’s success without homework?

How does school affect children’s success without homework?

Homework is considered as an integral part of school and education system. So how does it affect children’s success if we take homework from a school? Here is the experiment of this problem.

Mark Trifilio, a fourth-year teacher at a state primary school in Vermont, USA, spoke last summer about the new school year and homework, which will sit together with the school’s 40 educators. They had a long discussion of how much homework was given to children and whether homework was being taught.

According to the news in The Washington Post, Trifilio had thought about it for a while. According to him, there seemed to be an unbalanced homework burden for students of different classes at the same class level, and the difference between grade levels was not very meaningful. He examined the researches on the effectiveness of the assignment and learned that the assignment in the primary school did not correlate with a better academic performance – except after school reading.

So Trifilio suggested an experiment at this meeting with the teachers: Let us put an end to all assignments at each class level and ask the students to read at home themselves or ask them to read a book with a parent or a grown-up adult if they are not ready to read on their own Trifilio was very surprised at the same time when all the teachers working with special needs and the teachers who had different mother tongue accepted this idea.

Io All of the 40 teachers voted yes, in says Trifilio. Iler They also said yes, not just yes, a fierce yes. When can 40 people agree on a topic?

And so, by implementing this new rule, they announced on the internet sites:

Students’ Daily Homework

1. Read only the right books every evening – and let your parents read  you the book. 
2. Go out and play –  it doesn’t mean more screen time. 
3. Eat dinner with your family –  and help set up and collect the table. 
4. Take a good night’s sleep.

So what was the result?

At the end of the six months of experiments, Trifilio says they’ve achieved a great success: l The students didn’t stay academically back, and maybe they went better, and most importantly, they now have more time to be creative at home and go after their passion.

Students were asked to read books each evening. Families were given book recommendations, but they were not asked to fill in the number of pages a day. Because we know that most of them are filled with mind, says Trifilio.

Trifilio organized a family survey on new policies and the majority of parents in the school of about 400 students responded to the survey. Most of the families supported the lack of homework. They said that their children now have time to pursue other things instead of mathematics papers. Many families reported that their children read more books on their own than before. A small minority feared that students would miss learning opportunities they would acquire by doing homework and would not be ready for secondary school.

One of the parents of the school, James Conway, tells his son, Sean, about his son’s preschool . So it works. D

So what does the research say about homework? Although academicians continue to work on the subject, an analysis by researcher Harris Cooper and his colleagues in 2006 was one of the most cited studies.

Research in 2006 found that homework in the primary school did not contribute to academic achievement, and that the task had only a small effect on improving academic performance over older students.

Foreign Language Education in Preschool Period

Foreign Language Education in Preschool Period

Especially in recent years, the importance of foreign language education in kindergartens is increasing. Do not misunderstand your child’s learning a foreign language if you haven’t removed your reading. Because children now learn their second language in kindergarten. A baby is ready to learn all languages ​​at the time of birth. Because children’s brains are programmed to learn every detail of language development until the age of 8 years. Especially children between the ages of 0 and 5 are important periods of foreign language learning.

Benefits of Foreign Language Learning in Preschool Period

• The thinking skills of children who study foreign languages ​​are more developed than those who study in a single language. This gives the foreign language-speaking children the upper hand in terms of concept development and high-level skills.

• According to scientific research, the foreign language learned at an early age enables the child to be successful in mathematics, mother tongue and social studies. • Early learning in foreign languages ​​shows a higher level of success in perceiving the events around the child, and in the personal field it is understanding, respectful and tolerant to the differences.

What Families Should Pay Attention to

• The first thing you need to pay attention to is not to force your child to learn. You can make learning fun. • How important you are to the foreign language your child has learned in another important point. If you’re not mastered enough, you’ll cause false learning to happen.

• Start with a variety of materials if you want your child to recognize a foreign language at home. Learn, for example, a children’s song in a foreign language. Or picture story books, cartoons, computer games, visual and audio materials will help you with that. • The school where your child will receive the best education is the school. You have to be very careful about choosing a school. If you want your child to learn a foreign language, be sure of the quality of the school you choose.

  •  If your child is studying a foreign language at school, have fun with him / her when he / she returns home from school. If you know the language you learn, you can help him to reinforce what he learns with small activities.

It is also important for your child to learn and learn right as much as learning a foreign language. If you want your child to be educated on this subject, you need to be aware of the points that will affect your learning in every respect. 

Causes of child theft: Why do children steal?

Causes of child theft: Why do children steal?

Child theft is one of the most common questions parents ask their pedagogues. 

Why do kids play? What are the reasons for childlessness in childhood?

Playing behavior is a behavior disorder that is so dangerous that parents and parents are very frightened and cause panic and panic when they see it in their child and are not prevented. Playing is when a person receives and has an unauthorized person who does not belong to him. Most children can take and use someone else’s goods without permission during certain age periods. If the child is under five years of age, we can not treat this behavior as a theft. This behavior can be viewed as an innocent situation because the child is young. It can be seen as innocent, but it is possible that you may encounter unwanted situations in the future if no precautions are taken to prevent child abduction  .

Playing with Children Habit: My child is stealing

When the child reached the age of two, some of his feelings did not fully develop. The possession, that is, the sense of ownership, is in them.

When the child reached the age of two, some of his feelings did not fully develop. The possession, that is, the sense of ownership, is in them. From 3 years old, the child may become aware of the life and social environment. He is now aware that there will be no unauthorized access at this age. He knows that, but he still does. In early childhood, most children get something unauthorized and even know that they can use the same person. One of the most common times of this behavior is primary school. This is the most dangerous age and the child does some things consciously. Even more dangerous is the fact that the basis of some emotions is being newly emptied. If the child shows this behavior, he can do it in the future if no action is taken.

During the school period, children’s colored pencils, colorful and decorated items and so on. things attract attention. If you do not have that stuff in yourself, you want to have it. For this reason it tends to steal. In fact, if this is only for a while, we can not call it stealing. The important thing is that the continuation does not come, that is, it does not repeat the same movement. If the precaution is not taken, this negative behavior can go as far as adulthood. So you should always consider this situation. In children, this condition occurs after 9-10 years of age as a behavior disorder. If stealing behavior is seen at these ages, assistance should be obtained from an expert. When we look at the children who show the play behavior, the feelings of love and compassion in the family are seen more in children who are not fully satisfied.

 

Reasons for the play behavior in children: Why does the child play?

  • The excessive discipline and strict rule of the parents and their parents cause the situation (theft in children) to occur when the child is constantly compared with his / her brother.
  • The child may steal to attract attention. The child who can not see interest and love from her parents waits for her interest in this way.
  • The jealousy of the child, the jealousy of the friends and the people around him, makes it happen. The children behave in a way that they value the children in order to harm them.
  • Parents’ failure to meet the child’s needs, punish him, and make constant threatening conversations contribute to this behavior.
  • The majority of children who display the behavior are more likely to be excluded by their parents, children who are not as interested as adults, and children with orphans.
  • The feeling of ownership in the child has not yet developed,
  • The reasons for lack of worthiness and self-confidence in the child,
  • It is like trying to enter a group of friends you want, trying to prove yourself,
  • A significant trauma event in the child’s life, mysterious events such as divorce of mother and father,
  • It is important to keep the movies that are watched, to have a role in the series, the most important thing is to ask the child to resemble the person he /
  • If the family does not pay as much as the child and if the basic needs such as food, toys, clothing are not met, the child may seek to steal the child.
When we look at the children who show the play behavior, the feelings of love and compassion in the family are seen more in children who are not fully satisfied.

What your mother and father should do against the child’s stealing behavior, My child is stealing what should I do?

  • The age at which behavior is first seen is important. Playing behaviors until the age of five are not important. In this case there is no need to panic. Behavior after six years of age should be taken into consideration.
  • Being calm is the first condition. The child should not be over-reacted and behaviors such as punishment, beating, shouting, scare with the police should not be done.
  • It should be talked with the child and it should be given back to the person he / she took.
  • The most important issue is to be a model for the child and to meet his needs.
  • Do not embarrass him in front of others for this behavior and do not share this behavior with anyone but experts.
  • Do not get stubborn with the child and feel him interested in him.
  • Find the cause of this behavior of the child and take precautions accordingly. By doing this you have prevented this behavior from causing other new problems.
  • Children should be paid as much as they can. Because the child is not able to cope with the financial difficulties, it can lead to stealing.
  • In no way be ashamed of your child’s behavior and show him as much interest and love as he is capable. The foundation of everything is love. The reasons for the immorality in the child are overcome with LOVE.
 
The benefits of kindergarten

The benefits of kindergarten

The benefits of kindergarten

Kindergarten programs are designed to improve your child’s development in the following key areas:

  • social skills, like how to play with other children in a calm, sharing and rewarding way
  • self-awareness and respect for others
  • emotional skills, for example understanding their feelings
  • language, literacy and numeracy skills, such as reading stories and counting objects
  • a joy for learning and group activities, such as talking, drawing and making things together with other children their own age
  • ability to make new friends
  • exposure to new ideas and concepts.

Kindergarten also provides families with access to:

  • support and assistance for children with special needs
  • resources and links to community support services.

Source:https://www.education.vic.gov.au/childhood/parents/kindergarten/Pages/about.aspx#link1

Characteristics of Preschool Children

Characteristics of Preschool Children

We have expectations for a set of abilities that we call developmental tasks for each age. For example, if we are going to give examples of infancy; our child could sit without support in terms of body development for 6 months, walked when it was 9.5 months, accelerated by mimicking our hand movements during 6-8 months of mental development
The order of developmental tasks is from culture to culture, from child to child; but the time may change. Some who sit late, walk, some talk early. This temporal difference does not provide information on intelligence as opposed to the blood of the community. In some cases, for example, delay in each area can be a problem.

Knowing these developmental tasks, their age skills is a prerequisite for defining our child and for a healthy education.

Our children are in the pre-school period in terms of their development. Pre-school period covers 2-6 years. Personality development is based on this period is taken. This period; a period when they have increased their experience for their mental development
In this period, when the child began to use the language and was able to relate to other people outside the parent, the child began to earn his independence. They want to do every task on their own, they do not accept your help and guidance. Stinks. For example, parental guidance has several purposes. Eating your food, playing to have a good time, harmony … However, the only goal of the child is to reverse your wishes. That is why he has said his own word and wants to be able to do his own work. It is an effort to prove to you that it is a ‘human being’ that it is a separate individual in this way.

By learning to walk, toilet training, talking, the child has become able to act on his own. Stop stalling is difficult for this older child. Every object, event etc. The first contact for the first experiences, a great curiosity on him, stirs the excitement. Everything has been opened to his discovery. For this reason, restricting certain non-intrusive movements will limit your curiosity and excitement for research. It is a matter of great importance to educate the child without restraining his actions at this point without breaking his courage, to educate him, to use reward in technical terms. So that, with feedback, it will know the future potential of children’s potentials and boundaries. They should be given the opportunity to try out the results provided they are not too serious.

At this age, our children are in a period when they are beginning to learn the truth, the wrong, the social rules. In this process, the foundation of conscience is thrown away. At this age, moral rules are more open to learning; but these forms of learning are ill for them. They compare the information they first learned with the new information without realizing it, and then the analysts. For this reason, it must be tolerated. It is not coming from ignoring mistakes, mistakes, on the contrary, to see and to respond in a calm manner. But be careful to be consistent. One day that is wrongly accepted, the other day should not be right. If necessary, it should be supported with appropriate punishment.

The easier it is for parents to start school, the less difficult the child will have. Before starting school, it is helpful to tell the school, teachers, games, other children who go to school.

Children who meet art in preschool period is intelligent

Children who meet art in preschool period is intelligent

With the multi-faceted art education given in pre-school years, the children who are supported by their development and creativity are also changing their outlooks on the outside world. Most of the art activities are; It helps the child to develop original thinking, to increase self-confidence, to be more productive, to try to change the environment in a positive way, to be aware of it, to think versatily, to improve problem-solving skills.

Mental Health is Important as Body Health!

Children should be in contact with visual and auditory arts from the moment they are born for a healthy development process. The importance of art education is increasing day by day in terms of the fact that the health of the body is best followed, and the children who have made intensive efforts to develop their mental and motor skills are individuals with a healthy mental structure.

Communication Gets Strengthen!

The most important goal of early childhood education is the education of imagination. Therefore, the first six years of art education is indispensable for the individual. Kindergarten should be the place where children can express their feelings and thoughts in an environment and materials. Children who meet with art events and visual items in pre-school period perceive visual symbols that they will meet for life faster and more accurately. Thus, at every stage of their lives, they express their emotions and thoughts better with text, painting, music or other visual arts.

 

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