There is always a way for every student to learn easily and there is also a skill area where every student is talented.
There is always a way for every student to learn easily, and each student has a skill field where he / she is talented. It is important that educators and families watch their children’s interests and talents carefully, direct them to areas where they feel strongly, and thus help them in learning processes.
Until the 1980s, intelligence was defined and measured as linguistic and mathematical skills under the name IQ. According to this definition, intelligence is one-piece, single element. In addition to this basic assumption, the belief that people are born with a fixed intelligence and that intelligence has undergone little change in life has been valid. However, these views, which have been the subject of severe criticism for the last ten years, have undergone a radical change.
Howard Gardner, a neoclassic psychologist from Harvard University professor, wrote in his 1983 book çalış Frames of Reason bey that our culture has defined intelligence very limited; whereas people have more than one type of intelligence.
According to H. Gardner; each person has different types of intelligence and some are more developed than others. Other researchers add new ones to these intelligence types, which draw attention to the existence of the theory.
Principles of Multiple Intelligence Theory
People have different types of intelligence.
Every man has his own intelligence profile.
All the intelligence is dynamic.
Intelligence in human beings can be identified and improved.
Everyone has the opportunity to recognize and develop their own intelligence.
Every wit; memory, attention, perception and problem solving are different.
– During the use of an intelligence, other intelligence can also be used.
Personal infrastructure, culture, inheritance, belief is effective in the development of intelligence.
All the intelligence is a different and special source for the realization of man himself.
There may also be different intelligence than is currently known.
Different Intelligence Types According to Multiple Intelligence Theory
1 – Language – Verbal Intelligence: Thinking and expressing with words, evaluating meanings in language, comprehension of meanings in words, reading poetry, humor, storytelling, grammar, metaphorical expression, abstract and symbolic thinking, creating a language containing complex events such as concept creation and writing. ability to use effectively.
Characteristics of individuals with strong linguistic-verbal intelligence: Word treasures are very wide. They enjoy telling tales, stories or jokes. They love reading, word games and puzzle solving. They like to find and use rhyming words and say rhymes quickly. Names, places, days, etc. are good memories of things. They establish a high level verbal relationship with others. Young children enjoy reading books or telling stories. Better writers than expected.
2- Logical – Mathematical Intelligence: The ability of thinking with numbers, calculating, constructing logical relations, making conclusions, producing hypothesis, problem solving, critical thinking, working with abstract symbols such as geometric shapes, building a relationship between pieces of knowledge.
Logical – Characteristics of individuals with a strong mathematical intelligence: They wonder how everything works and ask questions. Mathematics is their favorite course. Mathematical games make them very enjoyable. They enjoy playing games such as checkers, chess. Logic puzzle or mathematical ability to solve the questions they like very much. They ask a lot of questions about the formation and functioning of events. They can think abstract and conceptual. They establish a cause-effect relationship. They establish links between information. There are strong reasoning. Studies such as calculation and counting, classification and categorization, riddles / puzzles, strategy formation and games, making comparisons are among the studies supporting this kind of intelligence.
3- Visual – Spatial Intelligence: It is the ability to think with images, images, shapes and lines, to perceive and judge three-dimensional objects.
Characteristics of individuals with strong visual-spatial intelligence: They enjoy visual activities such as puzzles and mazes. His drawings and pictures are very successful. They love visual shows like movies, slides. Maps, charts and diagrams are easier to read than written text. They build interesting three-dimensional structures like Lego buildings. The pictures in the books are more instructive than written. The sense of direction developed. Children dream more than their peers. Visualization of the mind, using color waves, graphics, symbols, chess, photography, handicrafts, collections, legos, blocks, maps, colored pencils, design and geography journals support this kind of intelligence.
4- Physical – Kinesthetic Intelligence: It is the ability to express self by gestures, gestures and gestures and to use the brain and body coordination effectively.
Characteristics of individuals with strong physical-kinesthetic intelligence: They like to reassemble or disassemble things or similar. They are skilled in jobs that require manual skills such as wood carving, sewing, knitting, making a model. They deal in one or more sports. They like running, jumping, wrestling. They can’t sit still for long periods of time. They learn something from piece to piece. They remember more done than they say. They learn best by doing, living, touching and moving. They easily imitate others’ gestures and facial expressions. Sports activities, theater, handicrafts, clay studies, drama are among the activities that support this kind of intelligence.
5- Musical – Rhythmic Intelligence: Sounds, notes, thinking with rhythms, recognition of different sounds, sounds from the environment, sensitivity to musical instruments and the ability to produce new sounds and rhythms.
The characteristics of individuals with strong musical-rhythmic intelligence: Most of them have a beautiful voice or sing beautifully. The musical instrument is eager to play or play. They like to listen to music, they like to sing songs they learn. They enjoy taking part in chorus or similar activities. They remember song melodies. They have a rhythmic speech and / or movement. They are very sensitive to environmental sounds (eg the sound of rain on the roof). They work more efficiently in a music-playing environment. Rhythm, singing, dancing, teaching the concepts of music, choir is one of the studies that support this kind of intelligence.
6- Social – Interpersonal Intelligence: Working within the group, verbal and nonverbal communication, understanding, interpreting and interpreting people’s emotions, thoughts and behaviors and convincing people.
Characteristics of individuals with strong social – interpersonal intelligence: They have leadership characteristics, they are popular among friends. They are seen as natural leaders. They enjoy taking part in social activities. They like to take part in clubs, organizations, committees. There are more than one close friends. They care about others and worry about them. Suggestions to friends who have problems. They look after people, friends. They like to tell other people something. Team games, discussion groups, social events, clubs, associations and foundations are the works that support this kind of intelligence.
7- Personal – Inner Intelligence: The ability to recognize one’s own feelings, the degree of emotional reaction, the process of thinking, the self-assessment and the ability to create goals for himself / herself.
Personal – Characteristics of individuals with strong internal intelligence: They are independent and self-determined. They don’t talk much about their interests or hobbies. They say their feelings as they are, without exaggeration. They usually like to work and play alone.
8- Nature Intelligence: It is the skill of researching and recognizing all living things in nature. In theory, everyone has all of the above types of intelligence in varying proportions. Some types of intelligence may be stronger than others. However, all types of intelligence are open to development.