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Different Intelligence Types in the Learning Process

There is always a way for every student to learn easily and there is also a skill area where every student is talented.

 There is always a way for every student to learn easily, and each student has a skill field where he / she is talented. It is important that educators and families watch their children’s interests and talents carefully, direct them to areas where they feel strongly, and thus help them in learning processes.

Until the 1980s, intelligence was defined and measured as linguistic and mathematical skills under the name IQ. According to this definition, intelligence is one-piece, single element. In addition to this basic assumption, the belief that people are born with a fixed intelligence and that intelligence has undergone little change in life has been valid. However, these views, which have been the subject of severe criticism for the last ten years, have undergone a radical change.

Howard Gardner, a neoclassic psychologist from Harvard University professor, wrote in his 1983 book çalış Frames of Reason bey that our culture has defined intelligence very limited; whereas people have more than one type of intelligence.

According to H. Gardner; each person has different types of intelligence and some are more developed than others. Other researchers add new ones to these intelligence types, which draw attention to the existence of the theory.

Principles of Multiple Intelligence Theory

People have different types of intelligence.

 Every man has his own intelligence profile.

All the intelligence is dynamic.

Intelligence in human beings can be identified and improved.

Everyone has the opportunity to recognize and develop their own intelligence.

Every wit; memory, attention, perception and problem solving are different.

– During the use of an intelligence, other intelligence can also be used.

Personal infrastructure, culture, inheritance, belief is effective in the development of intelligence.

All the intelligence is a different and special source for the realization of man himself.

There may also be different intelligence than is currently known.

Different Intelligence Types According to Multiple Intelligence Theory

1 – Language – Verbal Intelligence: Thinking and expressing with words, evaluating meanings in language, comprehension of meanings in words, reading poetry, humor, storytelling, grammar, metaphorical expression, abstract and symbolic thinking, creating a language containing complex events such as concept creation and writing. ability to use effectively.

Characteristics of individuals with strong linguistic-verbal intelligence: Word treasures are very wide. They enjoy telling tales, stories or jokes. They love reading, word games and puzzle solving. They like to find and use rhyming words and say rhymes quickly. Names, places, days, etc. are good memories of things. They establish a high level verbal relationship with others. Young children enjoy reading books or telling stories. Better writers than expected.

2- Logical – Mathematical Intelligence: The ability of thinking with numbers, calculating, constructing logical relations, making conclusions, producing hypothesis, problem solving, critical thinking, working with abstract symbols such as geometric shapes, building a relationship between pieces of knowledge.

Logical – Characteristics of individuals with a strong mathematical intelligence: They wonder how everything works and ask questions. Mathematics is their favorite course. Mathematical games make them very enjoyable. They enjoy playing games such as checkers, chess. Logic puzzle or mathematical ability to solve the questions they like very much. They ask a lot of questions about the formation and functioning of events. They can think abstract and conceptual. They establish a cause-effect relationship. They establish links between information. There are strong reasoning. Studies such as calculation and counting, classification and categorization, riddles / puzzles, strategy formation and games, making comparisons are among the studies supporting this kind of intelligence.

3- Visual – Spatial Intelligence: It is the ability to think with images, images, shapes and lines, to perceive and judge three-dimensional objects.

Characteristics of individuals with strong visual-spatial intelligence: They enjoy visual activities such as puzzles and mazes. His drawings and pictures are very successful. They love visual shows like movies, slides. Maps, charts and diagrams are easier to read than written text. They build interesting three-dimensional structures like Lego buildings. The pictures in the books are more instructive than written. The sense of direction developed. Children dream more than their peers. Visualization of the mind, using color waves, graphics, symbols, chess, photography, handicrafts, collections, legos, blocks, maps, colored pencils, design and geography journals support this kind of intelligence.

4- Physical – Kinesthetic Intelligence: It is the ability to express self by gestures, gestures and gestures and to use the brain and body coordination effectively.

Characteristics of individuals with strong physical-kinesthetic intelligence: They like to reassemble or disassemble things or similar. They are skilled in jobs that require manual skills such as wood carving, sewing, knitting, making a model. They deal in one or more sports. They like running, jumping, wrestling. They can’t sit still for long periods of time. They learn something from piece to piece. They remember more done than they say. They learn best by doing, living, touching and moving. They easily imitate others’ gestures and facial expressions. Sports activities, theater, handicrafts, clay studies, drama are among the activities that support this kind of intelligence.

5- Musical – Rhythmic Intelligence: Sounds, notes, thinking with rhythms, recognition of different sounds, sounds from the environment, sensitivity to musical instruments and the ability to produce new sounds and rhythms.

The characteristics of individuals with strong musical-rhythmic intelligence: Most of them have a beautiful voice or sing beautifully. The musical instrument is eager to play or play. They like to listen to music, they like to sing songs they learn. They enjoy taking part in chorus or similar activities. They remember song melodies. They have a rhythmic speech and / or movement. They are very sensitive to environmental sounds (eg the sound of rain on the roof). They work more efficiently in a music-playing environment. Rhythm, singing, dancing, teaching the concepts of music, choir is one of the studies that support this kind of intelligence.

6- Social – Interpersonal Intelligence: Working within the group, verbal and nonverbal communication, understanding, interpreting and interpreting people’s emotions, thoughts and behaviors and convincing people.

Characteristics of individuals with strong social – interpersonal intelligence: They have leadership characteristics, they are popular among friends. They are seen as natural leaders. They enjoy taking part in social activities. They like to take part in clubs, organizations, committees. There are more than one close friends. They care about others and worry about them. Suggestions to friends who have problems. They look after people, friends. They like to tell other people something. Team games, discussion groups, social events, clubs, associations and foundations are the works that support this kind of intelligence.

7- Personal – Inner Intelligence: The ability to recognize one’s own feelings, the degree of emotional reaction, the process of thinking, the self-assessment and the ability to create goals for himself / herself.

Personal – Characteristics of individuals with strong internal intelligence: They are independent and self-determined. They don’t talk much about their interests or hobbies. They say their feelings as they are, without exaggeration. They usually like to work and play alone.

8- Nature Intelligence: It is the skill of researching and recognizing all living things in nature. In theory, everyone has all of the above types of intelligence in varying proportions. Some types of intelligence may be stronger than others. However, all types of intelligence are open to development.

Application supporting the education of dyslexic children

Application supporting the education of dyslexic children

Sabancı University Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences PhD Student Günet Eroğlu has developed a mobile application called Doğa Auto Train Brain Er for children with dyslexia who have difficulties in school life and learning.
Günet Eroğlu, PhD student at Sabancı UniversityComputer Engineering, developed a mobile phone application based on the neurogarmination for dyslexic children. Günet Eroğlu conducts her doctoral study on software development, which she designed and developed based on her own life experience, under the guidance of Dean of Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Selim Balcısoy and Faculty Member Müjdat Çetin.
The oluy Auto Train Brain mobile app reduces the effects of dyslexia, a subset of specific learning disabilities, which is not yet available for medication, and helps improve children’s school success.
Application increases the reading speed of dyslexic children and decreases error rates
The) Auto Train Brain eri mobile application supports children with visual and audio games and improves their brain signals by feeding them back to them. According to the findings of the mobile application, which was tested on more than 1000 healthy and 17 dyslexic individuals, the improvement of the important parameters of the brain from the first use, and the increase in cognitive performance of dyslexic children from over 20 use.
For the Auto Train Brain app, Clinical Research Ethics Committee Approval was obtained. Sixty-six dyslexic children between the ages of 7 and 10 can participate in the Clinical Research which will start in November . Dyslexic children, were brought to Turkey by the Dyslexia Foundation prior to training and psychometric tests to be applied for from the tills to identify the specific learning difficulties, and these kids will be sessions 60 sessions Braun Auto Trade within 2 months. 6 months after the completion of the training, the TILLS test will be renewed and the cognitive performance increase in children will be monitored. This study is free for voluntary dyslexic children and their families.
The Auto Train Brain app is also supported by the Dyslexia Foundation. The application is applied free of charge to dyslexic children coming to the foundation for special education. Auto Train Brain will be introduced to the audience at the Dyslexia Congress in December. The week of November 1-7 is also known as Dyslexia Awareness Week.

The Tablet Doesn’t Leave Time to Read Capabilities

It is not distracting for those who use traditional printed books or black and white Kindle to read books. The tablet’s capabilities do not leave time to read.

However, this is not valid for those reading e-books on tablet computers. It’s easy to look at e-mails on the tablet. You can also watch a movie or check your twitter account with a few taps as soon as you start to book. Some of the millions of consumers who have bought e-books from Amazon, Apple or Noble & Barnes with tablets think that sitting and reading has become more difficult than before. David Myers, a 53-year-old system administrator from Atlanta and a Kindle Fire multifunctional, said, It’s like cooking when young children run around.

The kid can do something ridiculous and stop cooking and solve the problem, then you’ll have to go back to dinner.  For book publishers who see that many consumers have passed on to e-readers, the rise of tablets is a potential threat: book purchasers may discover that they are not suitable for reading after they pass on the tablet. Maja Thomas, the Vice President of Digital at Hachet, thinks it won’t. Noting the e-book applications on the tablet, Thomas said,, If someone without a habit of reading buys tablets, all the reading opportunities there will be presented to him. We hope that the tablets will increase the number of people studying. Tablet

According to the Pew Research Center, e-reader sales increased before Christmas. But publishers may lose enthusiasm for using tablets as e-readers. Forrester Research’s latest opinion poll shows that the proportion of publishers who believe that iPad and similar tablets are an ideal e-reading platform, declines from 46 percent to 31 percent a year. “The tablet is like a seductive woman,“ James McQuivey said. He constantly says things like ‘You could be on YouTube now’ or he’s constantly showing alerts like ‘your email has arrived’. The reading action is trying to compete with them,he says. As a matter of fact, Kindle Fire’s main menu includes video, web, music, mobile applications, and video.

Allison Kutz, a 21-year-old student from Elon University in North Carolina, received an iPad in 2010. Since then, he says he can only read books on the plane, because there is no internet in the plane.  I tried to sit in Starbucks or at home and read a book, but I found myself on Facebook or something google. I looked at it, surfing for 25 minutes, “he explains. Russ Grandinetti, Vice President of Kindle devices, says that the original black and white Kindle, which was sold for $ 399 in 2007, is not a multi-purpose device, it is for people to focus without distraction. Grandinetti says the new Kindle Fire, sold for $ 199, is a device that complements the first Kindle, and that they are different devices for people who want different experiences. Many publishers, he believes the printed book and e-reader market will not be lost. First, those who valued the usability and portability of e-readers were also insatiable book readers. Now that e-readers are lighter, more stylish and cheaper than $ 100.

So for those who just want a device to read books, there’s not much to encourage to move to higher models. But McQuivey of Forrester thinks the tablets will eventually turn off black and white readers. Previously, the personal assistant device reminds PalmPilot, compact cameras and portable GPS systems from their thrones by multifunction devices.

The new era of e-readers also affected a former issue more negatively. Los Angeles assistant lawyer 29-year-old Erin Faulk, says the number of books left half increased. But it also increased the number of books it bought. The books that have recently forgotten the world of fun at my fingertips attract me. If the book isn’t good enough to do this, I can find another activity that I can better assess my time.

Children ‘running slowly from their parents’

A worldwide study found that parents of today’s children cannot run as fast as they did in childhood.

Experts, the American Heart Association’s annual meeting of the data presented in the form of children indicates that the decline.

Researchers have gone back 46 years in the study of 25 million children in 28 countries.

The data showed that an average child is running 90 seconds slower than a mile (about 1 kilometer) distance from children 30 years ago. 
Obesity problem

According to the study, cardiovascular durability, which was accepted as a measure of how much children were running in a certain period of time, decreased by 5% in all countries every ten years.

This decline in girls and boys aged 9-17 is associated with obesity and is a major problem in some countries.

Art 30% to 60% of the decline in running performance can be explained by the increase in the body’s fat mass, art says Dr Grant Tomkinson of the South Australian University.

The problem affecting more Western countries is also felt in Asia, South Korea, China and Hong Kong.

Importance of physical activity

Emphasizing the importance of encouraging children to do sports, Dr Tomkinson stated that this problem would have grave consequences for public health. 
Tomkinson emphasizes that children who are not in general form today are more likely to develop heart disease in older ages.

Experts, children and young people to stay healthy for at least an hour walking, running, cycling, such as physical activity should be found. 
Professor Michael Gwitz of the American Heart Association emphasizes that the activity type is important, and that there must be a dynamic and sweaty activity that is continuous in terms of cardiovascular health.


Social Experiment: Are Adults Intimate Against Children?

UNICEF has released a video that demonstrates the most indifferent and unfair behavior of people towards poor children.

This social experiment by Unicef ​​reveals that people attach more importance to clothing than the importance given to humanity. In the social experiment, the 6-year-old Anano is waiting on a busy street in the Georgian capital Tbilisi with two different outfits.

Soon, he’s interested in Anano. Anano is in the same spot, this time in old clothes, above-the-ground dirt, and still doing nothing while no one is interested.

The same experiment is done in a restaurant this time in the film. Clean and well-maintained Anano has great interest from the restaurant customers. But nobody is approaching Anano, who is dirty and neglected.

The social experiment prepared for UNIXF questioned the perspective of adults to children and measured their sincerity.

How does  school affect children’s success without homework?

How does school affect children’s success without homework?

Homework is considered as an integral part of school and education system. So how does it affect children’s success if we take homework from a school? Here is the experiment of this problem.

Mark Trifilio, a fourth-year teacher at a state primary school in Vermont, USA, spoke last summer about the new school year and homework, which will sit together with the school’s 40 educators. They had a long discussion of how much homework was given to children and whether homework was being taught.

According to the news in The Washington Post, Trifilio had thought about it for a while. According to him, there seemed to be an unbalanced homework burden for students of different classes at the same class level, and the difference between grade levels was not very meaningful. He examined the researches on the effectiveness of the assignment and learned that the assignment in the primary school did not correlate with a better academic performance – except after school reading.

So Trifilio suggested an experiment at this meeting with the teachers: Let us put an end to all assignments at each class level and ask the students to read at home themselves or ask them to read a book with a parent or a grown-up adult if they are not ready to read on their own Trifilio was very surprised at the same time when all the teachers working with special needs and the teachers who had different mother tongue accepted this idea.

Io All of the 40 teachers voted yes, in says Trifilio. Iler They also said yes, not just yes, a fierce yes. When can 40 people agree on a topic?

And so, by implementing this new rule, they announced on the internet sites:

Students’ Daily Homework

1. Read only the right books every evening – and let your parents read  you the book. 
2. Go out and play –  it doesn’t mean more screen time. 
3. Eat dinner with your family –  and help set up and collect the table. 
4. Take a good night’s sleep.

So what was the result?

At the end of the six months of experiments, Trifilio says they’ve achieved a great success: l The students didn’t stay academically back, and maybe they went better, and most importantly, they now have more time to be creative at home and go after their passion.

Students were asked to read books each evening. Families were given book recommendations, but they were not asked to fill in the number of pages a day. Because we know that most of them are filled with mind, says Trifilio.

Trifilio organized a family survey on new policies and the majority of parents in the school of about 400 students responded to the survey. Most of the families supported the lack of homework. They said that their children now have time to pursue other things instead of mathematics papers. Many families reported that their children read more books on their own than before. A small minority feared that students would miss learning opportunities they would acquire by doing homework and would not be ready for secondary school.

One of the parents of the school, James Conway, tells his son, Sean, about his son’s preschool . So it works. D

So what does the research say about homework? Although academicians continue to work on the subject, an analysis by researcher Harris Cooper and his colleagues in 2006 was one of the most cited studies.

Research in 2006 found that homework in the primary school did not contribute to academic achievement, and that the task had only a small effect on improving academic performance over older students.

Lap Habit Identifies Relationship

Lap Habit Identifies Relationship

After birth, the care of the baby excites new mothers. Particularly, different approaches to the baby’s lap may confuse new mothers. 

Here are the important information about this issue, the experts share with mothers.

Some approaches favor the baby as little as possible, so that the baby does not get used to the lap and the mother can relax. Some approaches, on the contrary, offer mothers a life that is almost adherent to life, as long as their babies are still in the womb. In fact, it would not be reasonable to suggest a single formula for taking the baby on the lap because every baby is different and every mother-baby relationship is his own. The lap habit also determines this particular relationship.


The baby begins to have a place in your mother’s mind (perhaps much earlier) since it has fallen into the mother’s belly. This  place  is determined by the mother’s own psychological state, her emotions about having a baby, her preparation, her own infancy and her upbringing, her own relationship with her parents and her relationship with her husband. As much as the mother’s self-concern is far from worrying about having a baby, the more consistent her husband and the emotional conflicts she has regarding her childhood, the more likely her infant is to be calm. If the mother feels comfortable and peaceful, there will be a natural process to meet the needs of the baby.

The baby is more peaceful and calm. For the baby, the world, which seemed to be very new and incomprehensible, perhaps dangerous, slowly begins to transform into a safe place thanks to the care and love of the mother. Thus, a basic sense of trust occurs. As the basic sense of trust evolves and stays calm, the baby, who wants to embrace it in the beginning, is more likely to stand apart. Because now he knows that he will be there to meet his mother’s need when he needs it. Gradually he spends more time apart from the mother.

Babies Imitate Trust

Babies Imitate Trust

Research by scientists from Concordia University in Canada showed that babies who like to imitate what they see and hear refuse to do the same as those of people they find less reliable.

In the study published in the journal Infant Behavior and Development , scientist semphasized that babies can distinguish between truth and lie, and that they act consciously choose not to learn from people they do not see  .

In a study conducted with 60 children aged 13-16 months, the responses of two babies to the excitement of some adults looking at a box were examined.

In the first experiment, adults looked into a big box and expressed their excitement. The babies were then given a box, and they were asked to see if there was a toy in the box. So what if the adult is reliable “understanding” was provided.

A second experiment was performed with the same adults. In this experiment, adults pushed a light button with their foreheads instead of hands. However, this “unreasonable” movement, the first experiment in the box does not come out of the toy, so “adults do not see reliable” babies, 34 percent of  babies faced with trustworthy adults” repeated 61 percent.

Diane Poulin-Dubois, one of the scientists, said that  as children, babies are recording what is shown to them, and that they can understand the difference between truth and lie.

Silicon Valley Billionaires Bored From Classical Schools Created This School

Silicon Valley Billionaires Bored From Classical Schools Created This School

New schools are very different from the philosophy and understanding of today’s schools prepared by the money and brains of Silicon Valley’s billionaires.

Educational software developer AltSchool, which is part of the ool micro schools dahil network in California and New York, is growing rapidly with a $ 40 million new funding source. When Mark Zuckerberg first started, the schools that began with Peter Thiel’s founding movement reached a budget of $ 130 million.

AltSchool is a network of micro schools 35 registered between 35 and 120 students, each aiming to bring their education to the 21st century.


Max Ventilla, former personalization head at Google, founded the company AltSchool in 2013. Today, it has seven locations in the Bay Area and New York.


The venture-backed school system is expected to spread rapidly in Chicago after the autumn of 2018.


We made observations at AltSchool’s school in Fort Mason. During the visit, the school costs $ 20,000 per year. 


AltSchool also divides students in the 4-14 age group into three basic groups: Primary, Primary and Secondary. There is no class level in the traditional sense.


A training day in AltSchool begins with attendance polling. When children arrive, they sign in on a special iPad by applying for attendance through the school’s system.


The Follow-up app is one of many tools developed by an on-premises product team that includes Google’s former employees.


These products are included in My.AltSchool, a digital platform called PLP, which monitors everything from student participation and grades to food allergies and personalized Learning Plans.


PLP is the basis of the AltSchool system. Teachers; work for a set of goals based on the interests, likes, strengths and weaknesses of the student.


Each child receives a leri playlist içeren that includes individual and group activities aimed at achieving these goals. For example, the following student writes an entry for his / her block on collecting coins.


The following 8-year-old was using Pac-Man to play MaKey MaKey. MaKey  is a simple circuit board that converts log objects into touch user interfaces.


The following player performs activities with circuits.


Teachers select events by creating new items and by searching the My.AltSchool library to find items.


This time of fluent teaching allows the teacher to walk around the classroom and interact with face-to-face students.


Primary school students spent the morning doing a shared item / activity. The children below appear to lar notice lar the last park trip.


To suppress distractions and concentrate, children wear headphones during the playlist.


Technology is not required to complete all activities, but is used to document students’ work. The following student used an iPad to take a picture of the clipping of his / her news and uploaded the picture to the play / event list.


Class is just like technology. AltSchool adopts a personalized learning approach. Students, carpet, bags, and their own productions spread all over the room in the attic.


Classes are treated as stations rather than spaces designated for different grade levels. Students pass from room to room during the day. Micro schools are important to maximize space, especially when a four-room school building is not feeling congested.


Craft and cleaning materials are stored where young children can reach them. 


The cameras are also at eye level for children. This is why teachers observe moments like  ”in the child, which is a sine qua non for successful courses. Some kids even use cameras as secrets and share their secrets with the camera.


After lunch, students leave their playlist / activity lists and work in more integrated group projects.


Secondary school students are assigned to the class redesign. The following 11-year-old student designed a course course. He is currently writing a parental leave for his Google Chromebook.


His classmate learned how to use a 3D modeling software from online tutorials and designed an urban garden-inspired seating area. 


Another student who wanted to become a veterinarian, lawyer, writer and author of the manga comic book, trained a closed tea garden. He said that he loved the job because of his contribution to the ini talent.


The $ 40 million fund provided by AltSchool will enable it to go beyond other schools in New York.


Studies on personalization of Silicon Valley’s favorite elementary school are leading. 

genes for school

How important are genes for school success?

Researchers say that genes are one of the most important factors affecting the success of children in school in the long run. So, how can this knowledge be used to help students?

Research in recent years shows that two thirds of the differences in the level of achievement of children in school are caused by genes.

In fact, genes affect the student’s success in different subjects.

But little is known about how genetic and environmental factors influence the success of the child in school life.

In order to investigate this, more than 6 thousand twins (over 12 thousand children) were followed up from the elementary school to the age of 16 when compulsory education was completed and their educational successes were examined.

Why twins?

The success of the children in education followed a stable line, children who are successful in primary school, 16 years of high school exams were found to perform well in the final exams in the 
research because the genes were based on the same 100 percent because of the same. Thus, it was possible to see the effect of genes on success differences.

When all data in primary and secondary school are analyzed, 70 percent of the stability of the educational achievement of twins is from genetic factors, 25 percent from common environmental factors (sharing the same family and school), and 5 percent from non-common environmental factors (different teachers and friends, etc.) originating.

It was concluded that if one of the twins differed between the success of primary and secondary school, this was mostly due to the non-coherent environmental factors.

Genetic markers

While such studies on twins provide information about the characteristics of large groups, recent scientific developments shed light on the effects of genes on the individual.

Genome research has shown significant improvements in efforts to find out which genetic determinants are associated with certain traits. But each determinant in terms of individual differences in school success was only 0.1 percent of the event.

The results of these studies were evaluated in a new study and training success scores were established. The impact of the twins on school success ranged from 4 to 10 percent depending on the stage of education. However, they were the same genetic variants that were effective in success differences.

Early intervention

Based on these data in the future, early intervention can be made to children who need help at school.

For example, postnatal DNA tests may review genetic risk factors that may cause children to have a reading problem.

Early intervention, such as a child-specific education program, will give more positive results.